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Rome (lat/lon 41.9, 12.5) in 79 AD was the capital at the center of the still rapidly expanding empire when Mt. Vesuvius erupted and buried the Seven Sages of Greece mosaic.

A map of the Roman Empire 54 AD.

This map of the Roman Empire is for 54 AD, 25 years before Mt. Vesuvius erupted, with the sites inside of color-coded circles.

There is a problem for this analysis based on lines of latitude because Rome is nearly on the same latitude as Apsaros, which is one of the outposts of the Empire. Rome is a large city and its center is about eighteen miles north of Apsaros, which was a fortress on the east shore of the Black Sea (Pontus Euxinus). Apsaros is fifteen hundred miles due east of Rome. In the chart below this nearness of latitude is demonstrated by the pink and overlapping green line extending from the lower right corner upward to just below the upper left corner. Apsaros is at 41.6° and Rome at 41.9. The physical distance between the latitude lines is about eighteen miles, and their zero point three degrees separation on the picture is quite small, as is demonstrated by the closeness of the two lines even after being projected corner to corner on the picture seen below.

Rome located on the Seven Sages of Greece mosaic

Rome is located on the Seven Sages of Greece mosaic by green lines set left and right at its latitude angle of 41.9°.

Even with this closeness of angle the lines projected for Rome were clearly different in their creation of hot spot intersections with the projected lines coming from the sundial at the top of the picture. The hot spots are created by an overlap of a minimum of three separate lines, with at least two coming from a separate set of three aligned important points such as sages’ eyes or toes etc.. The green circles are hot spots for Rome and they have their lines of latitude shown going from important points to at least two other important points. The Apsaros lines have been omitted because this is a demonstration of Rome’s lines, but the Apsaros hot spots were created using the same criteria as Rome’s and have been shown with their color-coded pink circles.

It was a surprise to me how very different the two sets of hot spot circles were because I had located these two sets of lines and their associated circles without reference to the other. One would think that with the lines being so very close together in their angles there would be similar hot spot hits, but you may observe they are totally different.

Seven Sages of Greece with Rome latitude lines

Rome latitude lines in green with their hot spot overlaps with the sundial lines in green circles. The Apsaros hot spots are pink circles and are included for comparison.

The gray circle is a foretaste of another set of strange lines. This circle is the center of the bench the sages are seated upon. The center of this circle was also a hot spot for Rome line crossings.

Whoever created the Seven Sages of Greece mosaic had their latitude lines accurate to better than a tenth of a degree.