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Philosophers Squared Off means to me — “To assume a fighting stance and be prepared to fight for a philosophical idea.” The quotes in each post are from the internet and can be sourced with a web search. Links here are for a search of Probaway philosophers squared off, and for reference here is Wikipedia’s long list of philosophers. Also, see the Index list below in Chronological Order.

An Alphabetic List of Philosophers

WHAT IS PHILOSOPHY ?

Anaxagoras (510 – 428 BC) — WikiPic
Elizabeth Anscombe (1919 – 2001) — Wiki – Pic 
St. Anselm (1034 – 1109) — WikiPic
Antisthenes (445 – 365) — WikiPic
St. Thomas Aquinas (1225 – 1274) — WikiPic
Hannah Arendt (1906 – 1975) — Wiki Pic
Aristotle (384 – 322 BC) — WikiPic
Antoine Arnauld (1612 – 1694) — WikiPic
St. Augustine of Hippo (354 – 430) — WikiPic
Marcus Aurelius (121 – 180) — WikiPic
J. L. Austin (1911 – 1960) — WikiPic
A. J. Ayer (1910 – 1989) — WikiPic

Francis Bacon (1561 – 1626) — WikiPic
Simone de Beauvoir (1908 – 1986) — WikiPic
Jeremy Bentham (1748 – 1832) — WikiPic
Henri Bergson (1859 – 1941) — WikiPic
George Berkeley (1685 – 1753) — WikiPic
Ambrose Bierce (1843 – 1913) — Wiki Pic
Franz Brentano (1838 – 1917) Wiki Pic

Albert Camus (1913 – 1960) — WikiPic
Rudolf Carnap (1891 – 1970) — WikiPic
David Chalmers (1966 – ) — Wiki – Pic 
Noam Chomsky (1928 – ) — WikiPic
Chrysippus (279 – 207 BC) — WikiPic
Cicero (106 BC – 43 BC) — WikiPic
James C. Collins (1958-   ) — Wiki Pic
Auguste Comte (1798 – 1857) — WikiPic
Nicolaus Copernicus (1473 – 1543) — Wiki Pic –

Charles Darwin (1809 – 1882) — WikiPic
Donald Davidson  (1917 – 2003) — Wiki – Pic 
Democritus (460 – 370 BC) — WikiPic
Daniel Dennett (1942 – ) — WikiPic
Jacques Derrida (1930 – 2004) — WikiPic
René Descartes (1596 – 1650) — WikiPic
John Dewey (1859 – 1952) — WikiPic
Denis Diderot (1713 – 1784) — WikiPic
Diogenes of Sinope (412 – 323 BC) — WikiPic
Michael Dummett (1925 – 2011) — Wiki Pic
Émile Durkheim (1858 – 1917) — WikiPic

Albert Einstein (1879 – 1955) — WikiPic
Empedocles (490 BC – 430 BC) — WikiPic
Friedrich Engels (1820 – 1895) — WikiPic
Epictetus (55 – 135 AD) — WikiPic
Epicurus (341 BC – 270 BC) — WikiPic
Erasmus (1466 – 1536) — WikiPic

Paul Feyerabend (1924 – 1994) — WikiPic
Michel Foucault (1926 – 1984) — WikiPic
Gottlob Frege (1848 – 1925) — WikiPic
Sigmund Freud (1856 – 1939) — WikiPic

Galileo Galilei (1564 – 1642) — WikiPic
Kurt Gödel (1906 – 1978) — WikiPic

Jurgen Habermas (1929 – ) — Wiki Pic
Jonathan Haidt (1963 – ) — Wiki Pic
Garrett Hardin (1915 – 2003) — Wiki Pic
Georg Hegel (1770 – 1831) — WikiPic
Martin Heidegger (1889 – 1976) — WikiPic
Heraclitus Ephesus (535 – 475 BC) — WikiPic
Christopher Hitchens (1949 – 2011) — Wiki Pic
Thomas Hobbes (1588 – 1679) — WikiPic
David Hume (1711 – 1776) — WikiPic
Edmund Husserl (1859 – 1938) — WikiPic
Hypatia of Alexandria (370 – 415) — WikiPic

Imhotep (2650 – 2600 BC) — WikiPic

William James (1842 – 1910) — WikiPic
Carl Jung (1875 – 1961) — WikiPic

Immanuel Kant (1724 – 1804) — WikiPic
John Maynard Keynes (1883 – 1946) — WikiPic
Søren Kierkegaard (1813 – 1855) — WikiPic
Saul Kripke (1940 – ) — Wiki – Pic 
Thomas Kuhn (1922 – 1996) — WikiPic
Ray Kurzweil (1948 – ∞) — WikiPic

Gottfried Leibniz (1646 – 1716) — WikiPic
Vladimir Lenin (1870 – 1924) — WikiPic
Claude Levi-Strauss (1908 – 2009) — WikiPic

David Kellogg Lewis (1941 – 2001) — Wiki Pic

John Locke (1632 – 1704) — WikiPic

Ernst Mach (1838 – 1916) — WikiPic
Niccolo Machiavelli (1469 – 1527) — WikiPic
Alfred Thayer Mahan (1840 – 1914) — Wiki – Pic 
Nicolas Malebranche (1638 – 1715) — WikiPic
Karl Marx (1818 – 1883) — WikiPic
Cosimo de Medici (1389 – 1464) — WikiPic
Maurice Merleau-Ponty (1908 – 1961) — Wiki Pic
John Stuart Mill (1806 – 1873) — WikiPic
Michel de Montaigne (1533 – 1592) — Wiki Pic
Montesquieu (1689 – 1755) — Wiki Pic
G. E. Moore (1873 – 1958) — WikiPic
Thomas More (1478 – 1535) — WikiPic

Alfred E. Newman (1953 – ) — WikiPic
Isaac Newton (1642 – 1727) — WikiPic
Friedrich Nietzsche (1844 – 1900) — WikiPic

William of Occam (1285 – 1349) — Wiki, – Pic

Thomas Paine (1737 – 1809) — WikiPic
Parmenides (515 – 540 BC) — WikiPic
Blaise Pascal (1623 – 1662) — Wiki Pic
Charles Peirce (1839 – 1914) — WikiPic
Pericles (495 – 429 BC)  — Wiki Pic
Philo Judaeus (20 BC – 40 AD) — WikiPic
Steven Pinker (1954 – )  — Wiki Pic
Plato (427 – 347 BC) — WikiPic
Plotinus (204 – 270) — WikiPic
Plutarch of Chaeronia (45 – 120) — WikiPic
Karl Popper (1902 – 1994) — WikiPic
Protagoras (c. 481 – 420 BC) — WikiPic
Hilary Putnam (1926 – ) — Wiki – Pic 

W. V. O. Quine (1908 – 2000) — WikiPic

Ayn Rand (1905 – 1982) — Wiki – Pic – Video 
John Rawls (1921-2002) — Wiki Pic
Thomas Reid (1710 – 1796) — Wiki Pic
Jean-Jac. Rousseau (1712 – 1778) — WikiPic
Bertrand Russell (1872 – 1970) — WikiPic
Gilbert Ryle (1900 – 1976) — WikiPic

Michael Sandel (1953 –  ) — WikiPic
Jean-Paul Sartre (1905 – 1980) — WikiPic
Ferdinand Saussure (1857 – 1913) — WikiPic
Charles Scamahorn (1935 – ) — Wiki – Pic
Friedrich Schelling (1775 – 1852) — WikiPic
Friedrich Schiller (1759 – 1805) — WikiPic
Moritz Schlick (1882 – 1936) — WikiPic
Arthur Schopenhauer (1788 – 1860) — WikiPic
Duns Scotus (c. 1266 – 1308) — WikiPic
Wilfrid Sellars (1912 – 1989) — Wiki – Pic 
Seneca (4 BC – 65 AD) WikiPic
7 Sages of Ancient Greece (500 BC) — Wiki Pic
John Searle (1932 – ) — Wiki Pic
Henry Sidgwick (1838 – 1900) — Wiki – Pic 
B. F. Skinner (1904 – 1990) — WikiPic
Adam Smith (1723 – 1790) — WikiPic
Socrates (470 – 399 BC) — WikiPic
Baruch Spinoza (1632 – 1677) — WikiPic
P.F. Strawson (1919 – 2006) — Wiki – Pic 

Nassim Nicholas Taleb (1960 – ) — Wiki Pic
Alfred Tarski (1901 – 1983) — WikiPic
Thales of Miletos (635 – 543 BC) — WikiPic
Theophrastus (372 – 287 BC) — WikiPic
Alan Turing (1912 – 1954) — WikiPic
Mark Twain (1835 – 1910) — WikiPic

Voltaire (1694 – 1778) — WikiPic
Lev Vygotsky (1896 – 1934) — WikiPic

Alfred Russel Wallace (1823 – 1913) — WikiPic
Alan Watts (1915 – 1973) — WikiPic
Alfred N. Whitehead (1861 – 1947) — WikiPic
Bernard Williams (1929 – 2003) — Wiki – Pic 
Ludwig Wittgenstein (1889 – 1951) — WikiPic
Mary Wollstonecraft (1759 – 1797) — WikiPic

Xenophanes (570 – 480 BC) — WikiPic

Zeno of Citium (333 – 264 BC) — WikiPic
Zeno of Elea (490 – 430 BC) — Wiki Pic

This looks like a formidable list when considering studying the information, but it is so piddling when facing the possibilities. There have been in excess of one hundred billion people live, and every one of them had a philosophy.

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Thank you Debbie, Carrie and Mike for your support.

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