Roman Empire grows to Purpuraires 31.5° on the Atlantic Ocean


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Purpuraires was at the southwest corner of the Roman Empire when the Seven Sages of Greece mosaic was buried in the Mt. Vesuvius eruption of 79 AD.
Some rare snails lived in the water off the tiny islands just off shore. They were the source of purple dyes. The Royal blue dye was a very intense purple-blue color and only the royalty was permitted to use this purple for dying their clothing.

A map of the Roman Empire 54 AD.

This map of The Roman Empire is for 54 AD, 25 years before Mt. Vesuvius erupted with the sites inside of colored coded circles.

Purpuraires’ location is slightly off the map dated to 54 AD, but it is accurately indicated by the purple circle. There are Roman stone structures from that time still visible near there.

Purpuraires Africa indicated in the 7 Sages of Greece mosaic

Purpuraires with the Seven Sages of Greece mosaic indicating with purple lines a latitude of 31.5°

Below is the same picture but with the mosaic removed so the sundial’s white radiant lines and the 31.5° Purpuraires latitude lines may be seen and compared more easily.

Purpuraires and Seven Sages of Greece related.

The 31.5° lines for Purpuraires with hot spots circled on the sundial radiant lines of the Seven Sages of Greece mosaic.

Note that at the top circle four white sundial lines go through the top left sage’s eye and two flipped Purpuraires purple lines go through that eye too. Each of these lines was through interesting previously delineated locations on the mosaic. Observe also that the top line through the sage’s eye on our left goes through the top sage’s eye and on through the gargoyle’s eye too.

That line was precisely duplicated at 31.5° and searched across the rest of the mosaic for multiple crossings of places of interest. That 31.5° line was then copied and flipped horizontally and was then searched for hot spots across the picture creating new hotspots. There are ten spots that have three or more independent lines going through them and the spot at the top sage’s eye has six lines. The gargoyle’s eyes are not hot spotted with a circle because it’s difficult to get four independent lines to go through a point near a corner.

All of these picky details point to one thing. There is an intelligence behind the precise locations of these lines. It appears that the lines indicate the most remote sites controlled by the Roman Empire shortly before Mt. Vesuvius erupted.

This analysis points to the borders of the Roman Empire the year Mt. Vesuvius erupted. 

Roman Empire grows to Apsaros 41.6° on the Black Sea


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A map of the Roman Empire 54 AD.

This map of The Roman Empire is for 54 AD, 25 years before Mt. Vesuvius erupted with the sites inside of colored coded circles.

Apsaros at latitude 41.6° (lat/lon 41.573, 41.573) is at the easternmost point on the Black Sea. It had a Roman fort at that location and was the furthest east the Empire extended at that time.

Apsaros at 41.6 a Roman fort.

Apsaros at 41.6 is revealed in the multiple hot spots found here.

The Seven Sages mosaic with lines drawn at 41.6 degrees latitude from the left and right that intersect with lines projected from the sundial.

Apsaros lines over Seven Sages mosaic

Apsaros hot spots shown where there are multiple intersections of predefined lines.

Pliny the Elder wrote of the Apsaros fortress in his book on Natural History. It is a possibility that he was responsible for creating the Seven Sages mosaic which is the stimulus for these inquiries. He was a wealthy man, a prolific author and as knowledgeable as any Roman of geography at that time. 

The Seven Sages mosaic has an astonishing number of multiple overlaps of key points in not just this location but at several other important sites.


A call for biographies from the authors of Clockwork Purple


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I have been asked to write a two hundred fifty word autobiography for inclusion in our Bend writers group’s soon-to-be finalized book Clockwork Purple. As usual, I have nothing to say but will say something anyway. The World Population Clock hit seven and a half billion today.

I asked my garden gnome Samumpsycle, “What should I say about my life?” He implied, with his always inscrutable smile, “That’s your problem, but never lie!” Hmm …

I’m nearly eighty-two percent of the way through my hoped-for century of years, and I’ve lived a quiet uneventful life of always seeking to find low-stress ways to relate to the world. To avoid stress and expense during college years I hitchhiked across the US several times and before graduating had crossed Joe McCarthy’s hit list. I chose a quiet career as a pilot in the US Air Force, but they disagreed with my decision as a B-47 pilot not to drop H-bombs on people and they, with some warning statements about ten years in prison, showed me the road and I found Berkeley. I lived there quietly for fifty years, always avoiding the riot police truncheons by inches and slipping their grasp as I exited third story windows. Governor Ronald Reagan aimed a teargas-laden helicopter at me but I quietly walked a hundred feet away from the spot where his gas hit. I helped found the Berkeley Barb with Max Scherr and sold the first bundle of Barbs off the press on the 2400 block of Telegraph Avenue. At ten cents a copy it was a hard sell for an unknown radical paper. Most people find me boring, a few the most interesting man in the world. I’m working on buffing my boring with these short stories.

Roman Empire growing East at Antioch, latitude 36.2°



All the sites marked below in the Roman Empire map of 79 AD are indicated on the Seven Sages of Greece mosaic. They are identified by the latitude lines revealed by the relationship to the angle of the sun. Those sites’ latitudes are found by finding intersecting hot spots on the radiations coming from the sundial at the top of the mosaic linked to that angle. The sundial plays a key role in indicating the height of the sun and thus the latitude of the physical locations of the sites within the Roman Empire.

A map of the Roman Empire 54 AD.

This map of The Roman Empire is for 54 AD, 25 years before Mt. Vesuvius erupted with the sites inside of colored coded circles.

Antioch was a large fortified Roman city located at the far eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea. It was used as a staging area for an intended conquest down the Euphrates river of the Parthian empire. The Romans sent a large army down the Euphrates in 53 BC but met with a crushing defeat.Antioch spots sundial mo 7 Sages 01Antioch with 7 Sages of Greece indicating a latitude of 36.2°

A modern painting of ancient Antioch

Antioch depicted in Roman times by kayhankaplan (

Note the similarity of the city depicted in the background of the Seven Sages mosaic to this depiction of Roman Antioch. There is a river in the foreground with a defensive wall and another defensive wall high above the city. Also, there is a large black area at the base of the hill and an area that seems to symbolize a building.Antioch spots sundial 7 Sages 01

The 36.2° lines for Antioch with hot spot circled on the sundial lines of the Seven Sages of Greece mosaic.

Note the top line is projected through three of the sages’ eyes and the upper right, a gargoyle’s eye and what appears to be a ball held in the guy on our left’s hand. This alignment of five key items is unlikely to have happened randomly.

Whoever created this mosaic was familiar with the latitude of Antioch and the sphericity of the Earth.

How do I get the lines for the Seven Sages Mosaic analysis?



Last week I posted the Kom Ombo and the Alexandria analysis lines and since then have had several opportunities to explain them to friends. Some people readily agree that the lines clearly form alignments that were obviously created by the artist of the mosaic. Others see only a blizzard of nonsense lines and think I am making up the alignments. Anyone can draw lines between any two points, so what’s the fuss? They say, even if a few spots sometimes do line up, that doesn’t mean anything beyond the fact that an artist lined up a few things for an unknown artistic effect.

What I must demonstrate is that each and every line for every one of the geographic locations identified has a minimum of three points of interest accurately forming the line. In fact I have insisted that there be at least three parallel lines and horizontally flipped lines too. Each of these original lines must be meaningfully aligned while standing alone before they are related to anything else that can be linked to them.

In the two posted analyses all those alignments were shown, but they were shown while in relation to many other lines. Before these alignments can be appreciated by a person new to them there must be an unambiguous demonstration of their precision. What I did show with the Kom Ombo and the Alexandria lines on the mosaic, already posted, is that the latitudes indicated in the mosaic were within six miles of the locations of those places important to the Romans in the year 79 AD.

Unfortunately, those alignments on a modern geographic map mean nothing to someone who doesn’t accept the precision of the original alignments on the Seven Sages of Greece mosaic or the necessity of those positions being carefully located on the mosaic for this analysis to work.

The Seven Sages of Greece mosaic.

Why are the seven sages of Greece interested in a globe?

All the lines in all of the analysis charts are as accurate as is the white line descending from the sundial at the top of the column. That white line is perfectly vertical; it descends exactly from the tip of the sundial. It goes exactly through the eye of the sage wearing the brown shirt. It goes precisely to the tip of the pointing stick, and it goes precisely to the tip of the toe of the sage holding the pointing stick.

At this time I don’t assert anything other than these four points line up over a distance that is more than halfway across the mosaic. So what? That doesn’t mean anything! True enough. Standing alone it only indicates a particular alignment of four points. All I am asking a viewer to do at this time is to agree that those four points line up. If a person is unwilling to admit that those points line up then there is no reason to progress further because this whole analysis is based on the alignment of points on this mosaic.

Some people prefer to believe that extraterrestrials created ancient things rather than humans.

Roman Empire’s intellectual center at Alexandria is at latitude 31.2°


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The Seven Sages of Greece mosaic

This is the basic picture of the 7 Sages of Greece for linking the Roman Empire to many sites.

At the top center of the mosaic is a sundial. It plays a key role in locating the height of the sun and thus the latitude of the physical locations within the Roman Empire.

The city of Alexandria, Egypt, after Alexander the Great founded it at the mouth of the Nile River in 331 BC, became the location for the greatest library in the world. This library was the center of intellectual activity for the Western world for millennia. There is a commemorative sundial (lat/lon 31.2064, 29.9148) 517 meters 117° from the center of the modern Library of Alexandria.

A commemorative sundial at lat/lon 31.2064, 29.9148

A sundial located near the modern Library of Alexandria.

It was near this library that in 240 BC Eratosthenes measured the sun’s angle above the horizon and compared it to the report of a well near Aswan on the Nile River.

Well at Kom Ombo, Egypt

Sunlight reflecting off the water at the bottom of well at Kom Ombo

He knew approximately how far south along the Nile River that well was located and by comparing the distance to the angle of the sun at Alexandria on the same date he was able to calculate the circumference of the Earth. Kom Ombo was a fortified location at the south-east corner of the Roman Empire at the time the Seven Sages mosaic was created.

Intersections of latitude lines for Alexandria

Where the sundial lines intersect the Alexandria latitude lines are hot spot circles.

These lines are precisely parallel at 31.2° above horizontal and flipped horizontally to also be precisely parallel at 31.2°. The lines were drawn through eyes, fingertips, toe tips, scroll tips and horizontal and vertical lines defining the center of the picture.

The Alexandria lines drawn on the 7 Sages mosaic

The 31.2° lines derived from this mosaic and drawn onto it in blue lines.

A map of the Roman Empire 54 AD.

This map of The Roman Empire is for 54 AD, 25 years before Mt. Vesuvius erupted.

Alexandria is at the north end of the Nile River. It is between here and Kom Ombo at the southern end of this picture that the circumference of the spherical Earth was first calculated and demonstrated.

The Seven Sages of Greece mosaic demonstrates that the Romans knew the Earth was a sphere.

The Roman Empire goes to Kom Ombo on the Nile River


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The Seven Sages of Greece mosaic

This is the basic picture of the 7 Sages of Greece to be used for linking the borders of the Roman Empire.

At the top center of the mosaic is a sundial. It plays a key role in locating the height of the sun and thus the latitude of the physical locations in the Roman Empire. When the mosaic was buried in 79 AD the Empire was expanding its size, and this first post using this method of alignments will show the latitude of the south-east corner of the empire at the temple of Kom Ombo on the Nile River, where the Romans had a military base.

Lines radiating from a sundial

The lines radiating from the sundial will help define the latitudes of the locations defined by the mosaic.

There are many ways lines can be drawn on a picture, but the lines drawn on this picture will be accurate to nearly one-tenth of a degree. There are 360 degrees in a circle and ten parts of accuracy within a degree, and that makes the accuracy to one part in 3600, divided by two because the lines run in both directions. A line hitting two special points across the picture at a given angle would be rare and hitting three points would be very rare. Therefore, precise alignments of many special points must have been created intentionally by the artist.

Kom Ombo showing the 24.5° lines overlay and strike points to special places.


Kom Ombo latitude lines and spots

Kom Ombo spots that have three or more accurate overlaps of sundial lines and Kom Ombo lines.


7 Sages with sundial lines and hot spots

The Seven Sages mosaic with sundial lines, Kom Ombo lines and hot spots of red circles showing multiple overlaps. Click for bigger image.

Kom Ombo, latitude 24.5º, is the site of an Egyptian-style temple built by the Ptolemaic Greeks. The Kom Ombo lines are drawn at a 24.5° angle from the horizontal both from the left and the right sides. Observe that the sage’s eye directly under the sundial has a vertical line from the sundial, a horizontal line for the two tree branches intersecting the columns to our left and a diagonal line from the exact center of the mosaic. Note the red line at the same angle from between the gargoyle’s eyes thru a sage’s eye and on to the central sage’s eye. Thus we have three white lines and a red line converging onto a single point.

Descending down the sundial line to the globe we can see a convergence of two red lines with two white lines. All the lines on this chart and the future charts will have similar exact multiple alignments. There are multitudes of these alignments and they must have been placed with great care.

The tenth of a degree alignment that is displayed here equals an accuracy of about six miles (10 kilometers) on the face of the Earth. The original measurements if done carefully even with primitive instruments might have been accurate to a mile.

A map of the Roman Empire 54 AD.

This map of The Roman Empire is for 54 AD, 25 years before Mt. Vesuvius erupted.

In the years between the latest date for this map at 54 AD and the eruption of Vesuvius in 79 AD the Roman Empire had expanded beyond York UK (Eboracum), which was founded in 71 AD. As I will illustrate in a later post the Seven Sages Mosaic must have been made in the eight years between 71 AD and 79 AD.

The Seven Sages of Greece mosaic lines may seem strange but they are accurately drawn. 

Clockwork Purple


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Dudley’s bookstore writer’s group met on April 17, 2017 at Ahonu and Angeal Rose’s home. Usually, we do a random prompt from a random book. The book is chosen at random by one person, from it another person chooses unseen a random page number. Then an unseen line number is chosen by yet another person. After we have read that random prompt line aloud a timer is set to 45 minutes. Strange things soon come out of our fingers and when the timer rings we do five minutes of proofreading. With trepidation, we read aloud our desperate efforts.

Today there was a need to create a title for our coming book and we settled on – Clockwork Purple. Because of the need for an explanation for the strange title we chose “Clockwork Purple” for our prompt. Weird was in the air, prose was in our minds and the timer was set. … START!

Clockwork purple.

A blank of confusion has settled into my mind. “I have nothing to say!” Everyone agrees that my life is empty, meaningless and that my behavior is weird. Those strange words are not me, not the real me, and I am not a clockwork and I am not purple. Those are external fantasies imposed through words by other people’s expostulations vibrating in the air. That’s not the reality of who I am.

I’m just a person interested in solving problems that face me and especially those problems that confront all humanity. I prefer to ponder problems where I can contribute a meaningful new idea into the current of human understanding. That is, I seek to add something significant into the vastness of human wisdom.

There is an infinity of problems to be found and I do mean infinity in the mathematical sense of the word; the infinite vastness beyond the current human situation and comprehension. There is an infinity of undiscovered problems beyond those met by the hundred billion people who have lived on this Earth.

There are without doubt problems that could be discovered and revealed now with a simple declarative statement. Undoubtedly a sentence, a phrase, even a few words could be said at this moment that would change humanity forever. For example, a common simple phrase known now by nearly everyone was unknown by anyone two-hundred years ago. It changed the world. There are many other examples, but the phrase “survival of the fittest” has had a major impact on all humanity. That idea was obvious even to Adam Smith in his book Wealth of Nations, published in 1776, some eight decades before Darwin published Origin of Species in 1859, but Smith didn’t understand its broader applications and limited his idea to a “hidden hand” that brings about the survival of the fittest in business.  Darwin et al. expanded the concept to biologically adaptive things and not just to business. Darwin’s phrase had a much broader application and vastly greater impact than Smith’s.

There are in all likelihood many ideas and short sentences as powerful as “survival of the fittest” that could be stated right now by you; but they haven’t been said, at least not said in a way that reached the public and “went viral.” Those are the ideas I like to search for and the strange places I like to seek out and explore. It is a simple thing to be doing, and it seems like everyone is doing it every moment of their lives.

So … Why am I said to be weird? I dress in clothing that isn’t particularly different. I speak with common English words. My grammar is apparently understandable to the people I meet. From the feedback I get from others it appears the thoughts I express are generally understood. I try diligently to obey all laws and never lie. So, I ask again … Why am I considered weird?

The prompt – “Clockwork Purple” – is a simple English phrase. The word “purple” refers to a common color and is a common word. The word “clockwork” is a bit unusual, but it’s an easy compound of two very common words and is easily understood. In our writer’s group, the usage implies a clock in our background guiding the timing of our work and encouraging prompt productivity. And, the word “purple” is commonly associated with florid spontaneous writing. Thus, the title for our book “Clockwork Purple” is descriptive as well as colorful, and it implies the exploration of the outer realms of our present reality.

Our title, “Clockwork Purple,” implies weird, but it also implies prompt, important, colorful and royal.

Why are the 7 Sages of Greece looking at a globe?


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The mosaic below was buried in Pompeii during the eruption of Mt. Vesuvius in 79 AD and dug up in 1899 and is now in the National Museum in Naples. Why are the seven sages looking at the globe and apparently discussing something significant? What could be significant about a globe to the originators of geography other than the measurement of the Earth?

The Seven Sages of Greece mosaic.

Why are the seven sages of Greece interested in a globe?

Presented here are some lines I have drawn on the mosaic picture over what appear to be intentionally drawn alignments created by the original artist.

  1. The red line starting from an object held in the guy on the left side’s hand goes through three widely separated eyes, ending in the gargoyle’s eye in the top right corner.
  2. The three yellow lines are parallel, and the ones on the left and right align with a scroll that sage is holding. The sage in the middle is holding a long pointing stick that aligns with the two scrolls.
  3. The yellow line on the right scroll goes through the point of a sundial at the top of a column and directly to a gargoyle’s eye at the top center.
  4. The parallel red line at the top goes from the gargoyle’s eye on the center left directly to the same point on the sundial.
  5. The white line drops from the point on the sundial through the eye that the green line went to, to the point of the stick.
  6. The blue line drops from the top center gargoyle that the yellow line went to straight through the top sage’s eye directly to the finger used at the top of the stick pointing at the globe.

The alignment of these few lines got me intrigued enough to work out details for a cogent demonstration that they were discussing the location of various important points in the Roman Empire at that time. There is a blizzard of lines, like the ones above, that are in alignment for each of the discovery sites. Finding them was a challenge but the alignments are clearly there once found and it’s the meaning that becomes an interpretation.

The Seven Sages alignments are real; their meaning will be my speculations.

How the 7 Sages relate to the Roman Empire


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With the next several blog posts I will demonstrate how it appears that the mosaic known as the Seven Sages of Greece, buried in the 79 AD eruption of Mt. Vesuvius, is a message of how the Earth is spherical and where the key cities are located and where the limits of the empire were located at that date.

The 7 Sages of Greece

The 7 Sages of Greece mosaic found in 1899, buried at Pompeii in 79 AD.

Through a couple of months of manipulation of various qualities of this picture, it appears that the following places are indicated: York latitude 53.8°, Purpuraires 31.5°, Rome 41.9°, Apsaros 41.6°, Antioch 36.2°, Alexandria 31.2°, and Kom Ombo 24.5°.

A map of the Roman Empire 54 AD.

This map is of the Roman Empire in 54 AD, 25 years before Mt. Vesuvius erupted near Pompeii.

In our emerging world of lies, where even easily proven evidence-based ideas are discounted as uninteresting in the face of fabulous fabrications of simple-minded nonsense, this complex set of relationships will be seen as absurd. However, I maintain that the creators of the mosaic were the strange ones and I am only strange in that I have pursued their game so assiduously.

The classic Romans and Greeks were in pursuit of testable ideas like the circumference of our spherical Earth.